A Brief Bibliography on Radiation Health Benfits
and Radiation Hormesis

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ver. 1.0.4; last updated 11/03/2019

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The main page of this site offers a very brief and largely annotated directory of some articles on the topic of radiation health benfits and the larger umbrella field of radiation hormesis. The intent of this brief bibliography page is to offer a longer, but still brief, listing of some of the relevant works in the field.

First, some reminders:
The primary focus of this small website is radiation health benefits. The field of radiation health benefits seems to be often casually referenced in the literature and on the web by the name radiation hormesis, but the reality is that the term radiation hormesis really only describes a U-shaped or J-shaped curve depicting the spectrum of effects of radiation upon living systems,  and thus, strictly speaking, the realm of radiation health benefits is only a subset of the larger inclusive umbrella realm/set defined by the term radiation hormesis

And, just a quick note... I consistently find that the single best compendium of good reliable information on the web on the topic of radiation health benefits is offered at the Radiation Science and Health website, and I suggest the following four pages, three pages offering the best and most informative overviews and summaries of the vast field of radiation health benefits "at a glance", and the fourth and final page offering a comprehensive online database of information in this field; here goes:

The main page for the Radiation Science and Health organization, at:

The RSH brochure page, at:

The abstracts page on presentations made at the RSH Symposium on "Medical Benefits of Low Dose Radiation," November 15, 2000, at:

And lastly, the incredible RSH database of mostly-online articles and references on the topic of radiation health benefits:

Okay, now it is time to move on to the body of the brief bibliography! Here goes...

Brief  Bibliography on Radiation Health Benefits and Radiation Hormesis 

Abbatt, J.D., Hamilton, T.R. and Weeks, J.L., 1983, Epidemiological studies in three corporations covering the nuclear fuel cycle. Biological Effects of Low-Level Radiation, Proc.IAEA-STI/Pub/646, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 351-361.

Anon, 1896, Experiments with X-Rays Upon Germs, Electr. Engin., 22:176.

Baverstock, K.F. and Papworth, D., 1987, The UK Radium Luminizer Survey, pp.72-76 in Taylor, D.M., Mays, C.W., Gerber, G.B. and Thomas, R.G., eds., Risks from Radium and Thorotrast, British Institute

Beral, V., Fraser, P., Carpenter, L., Booth, M., Brown, A. and Rose, G., 1988, Mortality of Employees of the Atomic Weapons Establishment, Brit. Med. J., 297:757-770.

Billen Daniel, 1990, Spontaneous DNA damage and its significance for the negligible dose controversy in radiation protection, Radiation Research, Vol. 124, pp.242-245.

Bogoljubov, W.M., 1988, Clinical aspects of radon therapy in the U.S.S.R., Z. Phys. Med. Balneol. Med. Klimatol. 17,59-61.

Brown, S.O., 1964, Effects of Continuous Low Intensity Radiation on Successive Generations of the Albino Rat, Genetics, 50: 1101-1113.

Brucer, M., MD, 1987, RADIATION HORMESIS AFTER 85 YEARS: Background Radiation is Good for You, Health Physics Society Newsletter, July 1987.

Calabrese, E.J., McCarthy, M.E. and Kenyon, E., 1987, The occurrence of chemically induced hormesis, Health Phys., Vol. 52, pp.531-542.

Cohen, A.F. and Cohen, B.L., 1980, Tests of the linearity assumption in dose-response relationship for radiation induced cancer, Health Phys., Vol. 38, p.53.

Cohen, B.L., 1993, Test of the linear-no threshold theory of radiation carcinogenesis, ICSE Conference, Paris.

Cuttler J.M., Resolving the Controversy over Beneficial Effects of Ionizing Radiation, Atomic Energy of Canada, LTD., online version available at   http://www.angelfire.com/mo/radioadaptive/cuttler.html

Darby, S.C., Kendall, G.M., Fell, T.P. et al., 1988, A summary of mortality and incidence of cancer in men from the United Kingdom who participated in the United Kingdom atmospheric weapons tests and experimental programs, Br. Med. J. 296, 332-340.

Evans, R.D., 1974, Radium in Man, Health Phys., 27:497-510.

Ghiassi-nejad, M., Mortazavi, S.M.J., Cameron, J.R., Niroomand-rad, A., Karam, P.A., 2002, Very High Background Radiation Areas of Ramsar, Iran: Preliminary Biological Studies. Health Physics 82(1):87-93.

Gilbert, E.S., Fry, S.A., Wiggs, L.D. et al., 1989, Analysis of combined mortality data on workers at the Hanford Site, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and Rocky Flats Nuclear Weapons Plant, Radiat. Res. 120, 19.

Gribbin, M.A., Weeks, J.L., and Howe, G.R., 1993, Cancer mortality (1956-1985) among male employees of Atomic Energy Limited with respect to occupational exposure to low-linear-energy-transfer ionizing radiation, Radiat Res 3, 375.

Hahn, E.W. and Ward, W.F., 1967, Increased Litter Size in the X-Irradiated During the Estrous Cycle Before Mating, Science, 157:956-957.

Hattori, S., 1994, State of research and perspective on radiation hormesis in Japan, International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp.143-149.

Haynes, R.M., 1988, The distribution of domestic radon concentrations and lung cancer mortality in England and Wales, Rad. Prot. Dosim. 93-4.

Ikushima, T., 1989, Radio-adaptive: characterization of cytogenetic repair induced by low-level ionizing radiation in cultured Chinese hamster cells, Mutat. Res., Vol. 227, pp.241-246.

Ikushima, T., and Mortazavi, S.M.J., 2000, Radioadaptive response: its variability in cultured human lymphocytes, In: Biological Effects of Low Dose Radiation. Yamada T, Mothersil C, Michael BD, and Potten CS. Eds. pp. 81-86, Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Ishii, K., Hosoi, Y. and Sakamoto, K., 1993, Stimulation of anti-tumor effect by low-dose irradiation-inhibition of spontaneous metastasis, Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry Report T92030 (In Japanese).

Ishii, K., Muto, N. and Yamamoto, I., 1990, Augmentation in mitogen-induced proliferation of rat splenocytes by low-dose whole-body x-irradiation, Nippon Acta Radiological, Vol. 50, pp.1262-1267 (In Japanese).

Ishi, K. and Watanabe, M., 1996, Participation of gap junctional cell communication on the adaptive response in human cells induced by low dose of X-rays, Int. J. Radiat. Biol., Vol. 69, No. 3, pp.291-299.

Kaiser, J., 1987, A Healthful Dab of Radiation?, Science 17 October 2003: Vol. 302. no. 5644, p. 378; DOI: 10.1126/science.302.5644.378

Kaplan, I.I., 1949, Clinical Radiation Therapy, P.B. Hoeber, New York.

Karam, P A., Mortazavi, S.M.J., Ghiassi-nejad, M., Ikushima, T., Cameron J.R. and Niroomand-rad A., 2002, ICRP evolutionary recommendations and the reluctance of the members of the public to carry out remedial work against radon in some high-level natural radiation areas, In: Radiation and Homeostasis. Sugahara T, Nikaido O, and Niwa O. Eds, pp. 35-37, Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Kendall, G.M., Muirhead, C.R., MacGibbon, B.H. et al., 1992, Mortality and occupational exposure to radiation; first analysis of the National Registry for Radiation Workers, Brit Med J ,304, 220.

Kojima, S., Matsuki, O., Nomura, T., Takahashi, M. and Yamaoka, K., 1997, Effect of small doses of gamma-rays on the glutathione in synthesis in mouse, Low Doses of Ionizing Radiation: Biological Effects and Regulatory Control, IAEA-TECDOC-976, IAEA-CN67/130.

Kojima, S., Matsumori, S., Ono, H. and Yamaoka, K., 1999, Elevation of glutathione in TAW264.7 cells by low-dose gamma-ray irradiation and its responsibility for the appearance of radioresistance, Anticancer Res 1999, November-December, Vol. 19, No. 6B, pp.5271-5275.

Kondo, S., 1988, Radiation hormesis, Radiat. Biol. Res. Comm., Vol. 23, No. 4, pp.197, 198 (In Japanese).

Kondo, S., 1989, Altruistic cell suicide in relation to radiation hormesis, Int. J. Radiat. Biol. Relat. Stud. Phys. Chem. Med., Vol. 53, pp.95-102.

Kondo, S., 1993, Health Effects of Low-Level Radiation, Kinki University Press, Osaka, Japan and Medical Physics Publishing, Madison, Wisconsin.

Lehr, J., 1996, Good News About Radon: The Linear Nonthreshold Model Is Wrong, invited online Special Commentary at www.junkscience.com, May 1996

Liu, S-Z., Li, X.Y., Xia, F.Q., Yu, H.Y., Qi, J., Wang, F.L. and Wang, S.K., 1985, A restudy of immune functions of the inhabitants in a high-background area in Guangdong, Chin. J. Radiol. Med. Prot., Vol. 5, pp.124-127.

Liu, Z-S., 1999, Ionizing Radiation Increases Immune Competence, Abstract, pp. 12-13 and 52-53, The Seventh International Conference on Nuclear Engineering Special Symposium “Radiation Health Effects: Applying Data to Standards”, Tokyo, April 1999.

Lorenz, E., 1954, in Zirkle, R.E. (Ed.): Biological Effects of External Gamma Radiation, Part I, McGraw-Hill, New York, p.24.

Lorenz, E., 1950, Some Biologic Effects of Long Continued Irradiation, Am. J. Roentgenol., 63:176-185.

Luckey, T.D., 1980, Hormesis with Ionizing Radiation, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.

Luckey, T.D., 1982, Physiological benefits from low levels of ionizing radiation, Health Phys., Vol. 43, pp.771-789.

Luckey, T.D., 1991, Radiation Hormesis, CRC Press, ISBN 0849361591

Luckey, T.D., 1993, Radiation Hormesis, Biopositive Effect of Radiations, Plenary lecture presented at the 7th GIRI Meeting, November 1993, Montpellier, France. web version available at http://www.giriweb.com/luckey.htm

Luckey, T.D., 1994, Radiation Hormesis in Cancer Mortality, Int. J. Occup. Med. Tox., 3:175-191.

Luckey, T.D., 1997, Low-Dose Irradiation Reduces Cancer Deaths, Rad. Protect.Manag., 14:58-64.

Luckey, T.D., 1998, Risk/Benefit Evaluation of Environmental Plutonium, Rad. Protect Manag., 15:19-25.

Luckey, T.D., 1998, Hormesis Revisited, RSO Magazine, 3:20-21.

Luckey, T.D., 2003, Radiation Hormesis Overview, RSO Magazine, Volume 8, Number 4, pp. 22-41

Luning, K., 1960, Studies of Irradiated Mouse Populations, Hereditas, 46:668-674.

Matanoski, G.M., 1985, Health Effects of Low Level Radiation in Shipyard Workers, DOE Final Report. E.1.99 DOE/EV/10095-T 1 and 2. DOE, Washington.

Mayr, A. and Paulis, S., 1989, Unexpected Effects of Whole-Body Irradiation on the Mortality Rate of Baby Mice After an Infection with the Vesicular Stomatitis Virus (VSV), Zentralbl. Veterinaermed., 36:577-581.

Mifune, M., Sobue, T., Arimoto, H., Komoto, Y., Kondo, S. and Tanooka, H., 1992, Cancer mortality survey in a spa area (Misasa, Japan) with a high radon background, Jpn. J. Cancer Res., Vol. 83, pp.1-5.

Miller, D.W. Jr., Afraid of Radiation? Low Doses are Good for You, online article.

Mortazavi, S.M.J., 2002, Risk Assessment: Extraordinary Levels of Natural Radioactivity in the Environment and the Problems Associated with Induced Radioresistance, In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Radioactivity in the Environment. Borretzen P, Jolle T, and Strand P. Eds, pp. 110-113.

Mortazavi, S.M.J, 2003, invited lecture, What Lessons Could be Learned from the Studies Performed on the Health Effects of Living in High Level Natural Radiation Areas, Karlsruhe Research Center, Karlsruhe, Germany, December 11, 2003.

Mortazavi, S.M.J., 2002, invited lecture, Health Effects of High Levels of Natural Radiation in the Inhabitants of Ramsar, Iran: Preliminary Results and the Scope of Future Studies, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Chiba, Japan, March 6, 2002.

Mortazavi, S.M.J., An Introduction to Radiation Hormesis, online article

Mortazavi, S.M.J., Cameron JR, and Niroomand-rad A., 2003, Adaptive response studies may help choose astronauts for long-term space travel, Advances in Space Research, 31 (6): 1543-1552.

Mortazavi, S.M.J., Cameron JR, and Niroomand-rad A., 2003, Is the Adaptive Response an Efficient Protection Against the Detrimental Effects of Space Radiation. Proceedings of the 28th International Cosmic Ray Conference, Universal Academy Press, pp 4299-4302. 

Mortazavi, S.M.J., Ghiassi-nejad, M., and Beitollahi, M., 2001, Very High Background Radiation Areas (VHBRAs) of Ramsar: Do We Need any Regulations to Protect the Inhabitants? Proceedings of the 34th midyear meeting, Radiation Safety and ALARA Considerations for the 21st Century, California, USA, 177-182.

Mortazavi, S.M.J., Ghiassi-nejad M., and Ikushima, T., 2002, Do the findings on the health effects of prolonged exposure to very high levels of natural radiation contradict current ultra-conservative radiation protection regulations, In: Radiation and Homeostasis. Sugahara T, Nikaido O, and Niwa O. Eds, pp. 19-21, Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Mortazavi, S.M.J., Ghiassi-nejad M., Niroomand-rad A., Karam P.A., and Cameron, J.R., 2002, How should governments address high levels of natural radiation and radon? Lessons from the Chernobyl nuclear accident, Risk: Health, Safety and Environment, 13/1.2, 31-45.

Mortazavi, S.M.J., Ikuhima, T., Mozdarani, H. and Sharafi, A.A., 1999, Radiation Hormesis and Adaptive Responses Induced by Low Doses of Ionizing Radiation, Journal of Kerman University of Medical Sciences, 6 (1): 50-60. 
Mortazavi, S.M.J., Ikushima, T., and Mozdarani, H., 2000, Synergistic Effect Versus Radioadaptive Response; Possible Implications of Such a Response in the Estimation of the Risks of Low-level radiation Can Be More Problematical, Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of the International Radiation Protection Association, Hiroshima, Japan. 

Mortazavi, S.M.J., Ikuhima, T., Mozdarani, H., Sharafi, A. A. and Y. Ishi., 2000, Is low-level pre-irradiation of human lymphocytes an absolutely beneficial phenomenon. A report on the extra-ordinary synergism. Kowsar Medical Journal, Vol 5, No 4, 235-240.

Mortazavi, S.M.J., and Ikuhima, T., 2000, Open questions regarding implications of radioadaptive response in the estimation of the risks of low-level exposures. Human Factors and Nuclear Safety, Moscow, Russia, 64-68.

Mortazavi, S.M.J., Ikushima T, and Mozdarani H., 2003, Variability of chromosomal radioadaptive response in human lymphocytes. Iran. J. Radat. Res., 1(1): 55 - 61. 

Mortazavi, S.M.J., and Karam P.A., 2002, High Levels of Natural Radiation in Ramsar, Iran: Should Regulatory Authorities Protect the Inhabitants?, Iranian Journal of Science (Germany), 2 (2): 1-9.

Mortazavi, S.M.J. and Mozdarani, H., 2000, The Dependence of the Magnitude of the Induced Adaptive Response on the Dose of Pre-irradiation of Cultured Human Lymphocytes Under the Optimum Irradiation Time Scheme, Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of the International Radiation Protection Association, Hiroshima, Japan.

Mortazavi, S.M.J. and Mozdarani, H., 2000, The First Study on the Induction of Adaptive Response, Its Magnitude and the Relative Frequency of Non-responders in Healthy Donors in Iran, Proceedings of the 4th Iranian Congress of Medical Physics, Tehran, Iran.

Moss, W. and Eckhardt, R., 1995, The Human Plutonium Injection Experiments, Los Alamos Science, 23:177-233.

Muckerheide, J., 1995, Low-Level Radiation Health Effects Policies and Cost/Benefits, Trans. Amer. Nucl. Soc., 72:12-13.

Muckerheide, J., 1999, Low-Level Radiation Health Effects: Compiling the Data, Radiation, Science, and Health, Inc., Needham.

Muramatsu, S., Sugahara, T., Tschiya, T. and Okazawa, Y., 1964, Effects of Chronic Low-Dose Irradiation for Three Successive Generations on the Breeding Behavior of Mice, J. Rad. Biol., 8:523- 531.

Pathak, C.M., Avti, P.K., Kumar S., Khanduja, K.L., Sharma S.C., 2007, Whole Body Exposure to Low-dose Gamma Radiation Promotes Kidney Antioxidant Status in Balb/c Mice, Journal of Radiation Research, Vol.48, No.2(20070320) pp. 113-120, ISSN:04493060

Prekeges, J.L., 2003, Radiation Hormesis, or, Could All That Radiation Be Good for Us?, Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology Volume 31, Number 1, 2003 11-17. Abstract available at http://tech.snmjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/31/1/11  Reprint available at http://tech.snmjournals.org/cgi/reprint/31/1/11.pdf

Raman, E., Dulberg, C.S. and Spasoff, R.A., 1987, Mortality among Canadian military personnel exposed to low-dose radiation, Can. Med. Assoc. J. 136, 1951-55.

Robinette, C.D., Jablon, S. and Preston, T.L., 1985, Studies of Participants in Nuclear Tests, National Research Council Final Report. DOE/EVO1577, Washington.

Rowland, R.E., 1994, Radium in Humans: a Review of US Studies, ANL/ER-3 UC-408, Argonne National Laboratory.

Sadao H., 2005, Radiation hormesis research findings and therapeutic applications, Int. J. Low Radiation, Vol. 1, No. 4, 369

Sakai, K., 2006, Biological Responses to Low Dose Radiation: Hormesis and Adaptive Responses (Symposium Review), Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan, Vol.126, No.10(20061001) pp. 827-831, ISSN:00316903.

Schull, W.J., Otakee, M. and Neel, J.V., 1981, Genetic Effects of the Atomic Bomb: Reappraisal, Science, 213:1220-1227.

Searle, A.G., 1964, Effects of Low-Level Irradiation on Fitness and Skeletal Variation in an Inbred Mouse Strain, Genetics, 50 (Suppl): 1159-1178.

Shimizu, Y., Kato, H., Schull, W.J. and Mabuchi, K., 1992, Dose response analysis among atomic-bomb survivors exposed to low-level radiation, in T. Sugahara, L. Sagan and T. Aoyama (eds.) Low Dose Irradiation and Biological Defense Mechanisms, Excerpta Medica Publisher, Amsterdam, pp. 71-74.

Spalding, J.F., Brooks, M.R. and Tietjen, G.L., 1981, Comparative Litter Reproduction Characteristics of Mouse Populations for 82 Generations of X-Irradiated Male Progenitors, Proc. Soc. Exptl. Biol. Med., 166:237-240.

Spiers, F.W., et. al., 1983, Leukemia Incidence in the U.S. Dial Workers, Health Phys. Soc., 44:1.

Stone, R., 1942, Health Protection Activities of the Plutonium Project, Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 90:11-19.

Sugahara, T., Sagan, L.A. and Aoyama, T., 1992, Low Dose Irradiation and Biological Defense Mechanisms, Excerpta Medica Publisher, Amsterdam.

Tokarskaya, Z.B., Okladnikova, N.D., Belyaeva, Z.D. and Drozhko, E.G., 1997, Multifactoral Analysis of Lung Cancer Dose-Response Relationships for Workers at the Mayak Nuclear Enterprise, Health Phys., 73:899-905.

US Bureau of the Census, 1996, Statistical Abstracts of the United States, 116th edition, Washington, DC.

Voelz, G. L. and Lawrence, J. N., 1991, A 42-Year Medical Follow-Up of Manhattan Project Plutonium Workers, Health. Phys., 61:181-190.

Yamada, S., Nemoto, K., Ogawa, Y., Yakatou, Y., Hosi, A. and Sakamoto; K., 1992, Anti-tumor effect of low dose total (or half) body irradiation and changes of the functional subset of peripheral blood lymphocytes in nonHodgkin's lymphoma patients after TBI (HBI), in T. Sugahara, L. Sagan and T. Aoyama (eds.) Low Dose Irradiation and Biological Defense Mechanisms, Excerpta Medica Publisher, Amsterdam, pp. 113-116.

The Forbidden Science (VP) Email List Group

Here is information on an email list group which I operate and which cover these fields or related fields.

The Forbidden Science (VP) group hosted at Groups.io encompasses and subsumes topics covered by each of the several relevant legacy list groups that I had operated at private Yahoo Groups, including Exotic Energies, Ormus-like, Ormus PWT, Time-Space Doorways, Elixir Vitae, Jenny Cell, Radiation Hormesis/Radiation Nutrition, and Quantum Quiet (space effect devices) legacy list groups.

Forbidden Science (VP)
The term "Forbidden Science" was first coined in the 1980s by Dr. Jaques Vallee, a PhD computer scientist and strange/fringe science researcher, to describe those fields of scientific investigation that the current scientific "establishment" tends to view as quack science, or as fringe science, and as undesirable topics for "serious" scientists to research; those fields include the topic of UFOs and "space aliens", alchemy, ormus nutritionals, the paranormal, overunity devices, exotic energies (aka prana or chi) beyond the pale of conventional electromagnetics, and numerous other "fringe science" and "strange science" realms.

This list group serves as a continuation of the various legacy Forbidden Science list groups, listed above, that were operated by Vinny Pinto for 15+ years until the October 2019 downscaling of Yahoo Groups. Vinny is a mystic, spiritual teacher/guide, spiritual healer, and a multi-disciplinary consulting and R&D scientist/engineer.

The primary focus of this list group is to discuss topics in the realms of forbidden science, aka strange science, aka fringe science, including UFOs and "space aliens", alchemy, ormus nutritionals, the paranormal, overunity devices, exotic energies (aka prana or chi) beyond the pale of conventional electromagnetics, and numerous other "fringe science" and "strange science" realms.

While the name and description of this list group are publicly listed at Groups.io and on search engines, all posts sent to the list group are private and are viewable by list group members only. This is a moderated list group. Further, all applicants wishing to join the list group must state their reasons for wishing to join along with their name and general location, and all posts sent to the list group must be signed with the poster's first and last name in order to be published. We do not tolerate hate posts, and we do not tolerate trolls, nor troll posts.

How to Join
If you are interested in joining this list group, you may do so by visiting the list group home page and clicking "Join" at:

Or you may send an email to:

Please note that the list group, as is true of all of my email list groups, are restricted-membership list groups, and thus, once you have applied to join, you will then shortly receive an email from the Groups.io mailserver, entitled something along the lines of "Your Pending Membership in….", which will ask you for certain information; you will need to send the requested information (including your first and last name) back to the list group moderators by replying to the message if you wish your application for membership to be approved.

Enjoy! I hope to see you on the list group!

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